“Women and Social Movements in Modern Empires since 1820”

Kathryn Kish Sklar and Thomas Dublin, co- editors

“Women and Social Movements in Modern Empires since 1820” is an online project of collaborating editors, who are collecting 75,000 pages of documents pertaining to women in the global history of empires and post-colonial societies since 1820.  Included are women in the Habsburg Empire, the Ottoman and post-Ottoman Empires in the Eastern Mediterranean, the Ottoman and post-Ottoman Empires in the Balkans, the British, French, Italian, Dutch, Russian and Japanese Empires, as well as settler societies in Australia, New Zealand and North America.  The project pays particular attention to the United States Empire—in Hawaii, India, China, Cuba, the Philippines, the Panama Canal Zone, Guatemala and Indochina.   A large segment documents the history of Native women in North America.  

Women and Modern Empires is organized around collaborative editorial teams, each assembling documents pertaining to particular empires or locations within empires.  Each team is collecting documents in languages that contain the voices of indigenous women as well as those representing imperial cultures.  Editors will provide English-language abstracts for all documents not in English.  Women and Modern Empires is peer reviewed and is supported by a large advisory board of scholars who are actively involved in its progress.

The project highlights the voices of women in one of the most prominent historical processes of the past two hundred years: conquest, colonization, settlement, resistance, and post-coloniality.  Scholars are turning to themes related to empire as a new way to explore modern history.  Seen through women’s eyes, the history of modern empires opens dramatic new perspectives on global patterns that dominate our world.    

Women’s voices can be found at all levels of imperial history.  As the agents of empire, women were active as missionaries, educators, health-care professionals and women’s rights advocates.   As the opponents of empire, women were active in nationalist and social reform movements and as conservationists of culture.  As people in the vanguard of cultural interaction, women often forged a middle path of innovation in education, health and family life that drew on both imperial and host cultures.  We do not yet know what our exploration of women’s perspectives will find.  But we do know that this project will provide students and scholars with a new, systematic approach to one of the strongest currents in modern history, shedding new light on forces that were global in extent and profoundly local in impact.

This online collection is co-published by the Center for the Historical Study of Women and Gender at the State University of New York, Binghamton, and Alexander Street of Alexandria, Virginia, and is now available at Alexander Street.  The entire project will be online in 2017.

Editors of Women and Social Movements in Modern Empires since 1820

World Empires

  • Elizabeth Armstrong (Smith College) — Women define Politics in Post-Colonial India
  • Teresa A. Barnes (University of Illinois)--the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, 1960-1994
  • Beth Baron (City College and CUNY Graduate Center)-- Ottoman and Post-Ottoman Empires in the Eastern Mediterranean, 1860-1987, with Secil Yilmaz (Cornell University) and Nova Robinson (Seattle University).
  • Lucia Carminati — (University of Arizona) Italians Consider the International Problem of Trafficking in Women, 1928-1936
  • Julia Clancy-Smith (University of Arizona) — French Empire in North Africa, 1935-2005 — with  Lucia Carminati (U. of Arizona)
  • Krassimira Daskalova (U. of Sofia, Bulgaria) Ottoman and Post-Ottoman Empires in the Balkans:
    • Krassimira Daskalova, Bulgaria
    • Katerine Dalakoura (University of Crete) Greece
    • Roxana Lucia Cheschebec (Independent scholar) Romania
    • Ivana Pantelic  (Belgrade University) Serbia
    • Enriketa Papa-Pandelejmoni (Tirana University) Albania
  • Carolyn Eichner (University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee) — French Feminists and Empire, 1880-1900
  • Marianne R. Kamp (U. of Wyoming) — Russian Empire in Uzbekistan
  • Katherine Mcgregor (University of Melbourne) — Anti-Imperial Activism of Indonesian Women, 1951-1965 — with Faye Yik-Wei Chan (University of Melbourne)
  • Pamela McKane (York University) — British Empire in Northern Ireland, 1892-1960
  • Barbara Molony (Santa Clara University) — Japanese Empire in East Asia, 1842-2001, with:
    • Elizabeth Dorn Lublin (Wayne State University)
    • Taeko Shibahara (Doshisha University)
  • Sarah Paddle (Deakin University) — Western Women in China, 1933-1956
  • Katherine Sadler (Clark College, Vancouver WA) — Indigenous Women and Anti-Imperialist Activism in South Africa, 1929-1960
  • Elizabeth van Heyningen (University of Cape Town, South Africa) — Boer and British Women in Competing Empires in South Africa, 1899-1903
  • Susan Zimmermann (Central European University), The Habsburg Empire: 1820-1918.
    • Susan Zimmermann — Austria, Hungary
    • Michaela Koenigshofer — Austria
    • Alexandra Ghit — (Central European University)  Romania 
    • Sandra Prlenda Perkovac — (Central European University) Croatia, Slovenia, Serbia, Italy, Bosnia, and Herzegovina
    • Dietlind Huechtker — (University of Leipzig) Poland and Ukraine
    • Jitka Gelnerova — (Charles University, Prague) Czech Republic and Slovakia

U.S. Empire

  • Ann Taylor Allen (University of Louisville) — American Women Missionaries in India, 1910-1953
  • Jessica B. Elkind (San Francisco State University) — American Women Aid Workers in Indochina, 1955-1970
  • Katherine Marino, (Ohio State University) — United States Women Shape Political Culture in the Panama Canal Zone, 1907-1975
  • Rachel O'Donnell (York University) — Native Women Oppose Colonialism in Guatemala, 1960-2016
  • Febe Pamonag (Western Illinois University) — Filipino Women and American Empire, 1904-2004 -- with Frances Anthea Redison, and Mary Barby Badayos-Jover (University of the Philippines in the Visayas), and Adrianne Francisco (UC Berkeley)
  • Julie Rancilio (Kapioloni Community College) — Korean women in Hawai‘i
  • Connie Shemo (State University of New York, Plattsburg) — Women Medical Missionaries in China interact with Chinese Women Physicians, 1894-1991 -- with Shenglan Li (SUNY Binghamton) and Aihua Zhang (SUNY Stony Brook)
  • Lynn Stoner (Arizona State U) — Anti-Imperialist Writings of Cuban Feminists, 1896-1985
  • Brandy Thomas Wells (Ohio State U) — African American and Black African Women Build Civil Society in South Africa.

Settler Society in North America

  • Rowena McClinton (Southern Illinois University Edwardsville) — A Missonary among the Cherokee before Removal, 1805-1835
  • Cathleen D. Cahill (University of New Mexico)--Women's National Indian Association, 1880-1940

Native Women in North America

  • Laurie Arnold (Gonzaga University) — Finding Mourning Dove's Authentic Voice, Colville Federated Tribes, 1915-1935
  • Gregory Fields (Southern Illinois University Edwardsville) — Women's Leadership in the Lummi Nation
  • Dee Garceau (Rhodes College) — Women's Leadership in Powwow Ritual, 2008-2014
  • Kathryn Magee Labelle (University of Saskatchewan) — Women's Leadership in Canadian Wendat/Wyandot/Wyandotte
  • John Low (Ohio State University) — Women's Basket Cooperative in Pokagon Band of Potawatomi, 1983-200
  • Rowena McClinton (Southern Illinois University Edwardsville) — Women's Leadership in the Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma
  • Lucy Eldersveld Murphy (Ohio State University) — Women's Leadership in the Native American Indian Center of Central Ohio, 1975-2015
  • Daniel Rivers (Ohio State University) — Women's Leadership in the Choctaw of Oklahoma, 1917-1963
  • Rose Stremlau (Davidson University) and Jaime Martinez (University of North Carolina, Pembroke)— Women's Leadership in the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina

Editors, Advisory Board Members and Friends of the Project at Jinan. China, August 2015, at the International Federation for Research in Women's History

Advisory Board Members and Editors photo